The #SOFLeaks whistleblower Gasim Abdul Kareem is currently on trial for exposing one of the biggest corruption scandals in the country.
His final hearing has been has been scheduled for Tuesday, 15th November 2016
Gasim still remains under house arrest.


What is #SOFLeaks?

#SOFLeaks is the disclosure of detailed bank statements of a private company, SOF Pvt. Ltd., that is in the midst of one of the biggest cases of grand corruption, money laundering, embezzlement and abuse of power the Maldives has ever seen.

What did it show?

The leaked documents revealed how the SOF bank account was used to siphon off millions of dollars embezzled from Maldives Marketing and Public Relations Company (MMPRC) – a state company set up to promote Maldives as a tourism destination.

A whistleblower in trouble

Gasim Abdul Kareem is the whistleblower behind the disclosure of SOFleaks. Now he is on trial for unlawful acquisition and disclosure of information.



On 16 February 2016 Gasim Abdul Kareem disclosed the Bank of Maldives bank account details of SOF Pvt. Ltd., a company that, according to a Special Audit Report published 12 days earlier, was in the midst of one of the biggest corruption scandals in the Maldives. So, can Gasim’s actions be constituted as whistleblowing?

Whistleblowing is the disclosure by a person, to the public or to those in authority, of mismanagement, corruption, illegality, or some other wrongdoing. Whistleblowing is not limited to reporting wrongdoing to state investigative authorities only. Whistleblowers can also reach out to the media, non-governmental watchdog organizations or to the concerned public. In fact, some of the most famous whistleblowers in recent history (such as Antoine Deltour, Edward Snowden) disclosed information to the media, not to investigative authorities.

Gasim’s disclosure showed the details of how the money embezzled from (Maldives Marketing and Public Relations Corporation (MMPRC) was dispersed through the SOF account, where large amounts of money amounting to millions of dollars were deposited and withdrawn within a short period of time showing telltale signs of money laundering.



Gasim Abdul Kareem did not disclose the information to 500 bank staff only. Gasim claims that he emailed the records to everyone he knew (i.e. to all the email addresses he knew), and that included 500 employees of Bank of Maldives as well as various government authorities. In other words, he disclosed the information to the public.



Not exactly!

The Audit Report on MMPRC that was published in October 2014 revealed that USD 6 million was embezzled from the Corporation. The Report only mentioned two private companies (Millennium Capital Management Pvt Ltd and Montillion International Pvt Ltd) that were used to embezzle the money. The Report indicated that Montillion International Pvt Ltd had paid back the money to MMPRC. Millennium Capital Management, on the other hand, had still not paid back USD 2 million owed to MMPRC. The Report went on to mention that from the money deposited to Millennium Capital Management bank accounts, 38.3 million rufiya was transferred to another company, and another 38.3 million rufiya withdrawn by cheques. There was no mention of SOF Pvt. Ltd.

The initial investigation conducted by Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) was based on this October 2014 Audit Report. Upon conducting the investigation, the ACC requested the Prosecutor General’s Office to press charges against the former Vice President Ahmed Adeeb over the USD 6 million embezzled from MMPRC. No mention of SOF Pvt. Ltd. here as well.

Following an explosion on the presidential speedboat, Adeeb and Managing Director of MMPRC Abdulla Ziyath was arrested for conspiring to assassinate the President. Subsequently, on 27 October 2015 President Yameen ordered the Audit Office to conduct another audit of MMPRC. This audit was released on 4 February 2016 and cited SOF Pvt. Ltd. as receiving more than USD 73 million from MMPRC – from which they were yet to pay back USD 70.17 million. Unlike the previous Audit Report that looked into the back account actions of Millennium Capital Management, the second Audit Report did not look into the bank transactions of SOF Pvt. Ltd.

Gasim disclosed the details of SOF account transactions 14 days after the second Audit Report was published. Although investigations were being conducted into corrupt practices within MMPRC, there was no indication that any investigations were being conducted at that time on the transactions made through the SOF bank accounts.

The SOFLeaks were the basis for the investigative article published by Mihaaru news on 13 June 2016.



“This is a test case for the Maldives and its whistleblower protection laws. The questionable financial transactions revealed from Gasim’s actions should have raised alarm bells a long time ago and yet no one had the courage to do what Gasim did. Instead of encouraging whistleblowing, Gasim’s persecution simply sends a signal to others who witness corruption that speaking out has severe consequences.” – Mariyam Shiuna, Executive Director of Transparency Maldives.

Whistleblowers play an important, though often risky role, in exposing corruption. Corruption by its nature is secret and to expose it often requires ordinary people who witness wrongdoing to speak out about it. This can endanger lives and livelihoods. If no one is going to protect you for doing the right thing, why expose yourself to be fired, arrested and imprisoned?

By prosecuting Gasim, the state is sending the message that protecting the privacy of individuals who engage in corruption on a grand scale is more important than protecting whistleblowers who expose their corruption.

Gasim’s actions deserve commendation and he is entitled to protection, not prosecution.


In October 2014, the Audit Office released an audit report of Maldives Marketing and Public Relations Corporation (MMPRC) incriminating the then Tourism Minister, Ahmed Adheeb, of corruption amounting to approximately USD 6 million.

In November 2015 the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) started investigating the actions of MMPRC on what they termed as the “biggest corruption scandal” the country has ever seen.

On 4 February 2016 a special audit report of MMPRC was published by the Audit Office exposing embezzlement of USD 79.37 million. The report stated that an amount equivalent to USD 70.17 million had to be recovered from a company called S.O.F. Pvt Ltd (SOF) as the money was unlawfully transferred to the company.

On 16 February 2016, Gasim Abdul Kareem, Manager at Bank of Maldives Nilandhoo Branch emailed the SOF account details to 500 bank employees and forwarded it 99 other people. Analysis of bank statements leaked by Gasim show that large amounts of money, in some cases, ranging from USD 10,000 to 500,000 was credited to various private accounts in different banks in the Maldives. One such account was reportedly that of President Yameen at Maldives Islamic Bank.

On 18 February 2016 Gasim was arrested by Maldives Police Service for disclosing to the public the account details of SOF.

On 8 June 2016, Gasim was charged under Maldives Penal Code sections 232 (Unlawful Acquisition of Information) and 233 (Unlawful Disclosure of Information).

Before he was transferred to house arrest on 30th June, his remand was extended 14 times by the Criminal Court.

On 1 September 2016 the New York City Bar Association wrote to the Prosecutor General of Maldives urging the consideration of the ‘good faith’ exception, and raised serious concerns about protections for those who report corruption.

On 4 September 2016, Transparency Maldives and Transparency International released a press statement calling on the Prosecutor General to dismiss the case against Gasim Abdul Kareem.

Gasim was scheduled to be sentenced on 26 September 2016.

On 26 September 2016  Gasim Abdul Kareem’s hearing was postponed till November.

Gasim Abdul Kareem’s final hearing is scheduled for 15 November 2016.

Gasim still remains under house arrest. We urge the state to free him from detention and drop all charges against him. Whistleblowers should be protected, not prosecuted.